MInts and Moneyers of the Pointed Helmet type of Edward the Confessor – Hugh Pagan

The primary function of this article is to provide for the benefit of the wider numismatic community a provisional listing of the moneyers and mints for Edward the Confessor’s Pointed Helmet type, but the provisional nature of the note should be stressed, and the writer would be glad to know of any coins of the type known to them which have not been recorded either in obvious published sources (books, articles, illustrated auction catalogues, and so on) or on currently viewable sites on the internet.

A Neglected Parcel from a Hoard Containing Cut Halfpence of Edward the Confessor – Hugh Pagan

Or, ….. View previous Edward the Confessor Articles by Hugh Pagan… A Moneyer for Edward the Confessor Created by a Printing Error Portable Antiquities Scheme -Edward the Confessor – Expanding Cross Type Edward the Confessor – Expanding Cross Type, Corrections to Entries in SCBIExpanding Cross Type: Single Finds on Early Medieval Coinage Site Mints and Moneyers of the Expanding Cross type of Edward the Confessor Some Attributions of Coins of Edward the Confessor of the Pointed Helmet Type CorrectedHugh Pagan Expanding Cross/Pointed Helmet Mules : Six now known


Mules between coins of Edward the Confessor’s Expanding Cross and Pointed Helmet types, struck in succession to each other in the middle years of Edward’s reign, have historically been evidenced by four coins only. This article describes the recognition of a further two examples, one a cut-half.  Any readers aware of any more examples of this rare type are invited to contact the author via the comment section below.

A unique joint issue of King Eanred of Northumbrian and Archbishop Eanbald II – Bradley Hopper & Tony Abramson

Stewart Lyon, when discussing the coinage of ninth century Northumbria in the introduction to the SCBI 68, stated that ‘There are no coins of Eanbald II minted jointly with Eanred’. The appearance of a new coin has served to prove Lyon wrong. This brief note discusses the new joint regal and archiepiscopal issue and its place within early ninth century Northumbrian numismatics. 

Mints and Moneyers of the Expanding Cross type of Edward the Confessor – Hugh Pagan

This note offers an up-to-date listing of the moneyers for Edward the Confessor’s  Expanding Cross type, recording which are currently known for the Heavy series of the type, struck to a weight averaging 1.65g, and those known for the Light series of the type, struck to a weight averaging 1.09g, and adding notes to explain the addition of some moneyers to those previously recorded for the type, and the removal of others. The opportunity has also been taken to record the existence of coins of Light series weight which have been struck from Heavy series dies, and other instances where coins are of anomalous weight.  

A Guide for Identifying Some Variants of the Crux Penny of Æthelred II – W.M.D. Castle

In this article I bring together some of the distinguishing features of some Crux variants of Æthelred II. Some of these variants are hard to distinguish, so I have created a flow diagram that groups the coins by features that are shared in common. The article focuses on Crux, Early Transitional Crux, Late Transitional Crux, Small Crux and Intermediate Small Cross-Crux mules. This guide should aid people in identifying some of these coins. The descriptions of each coin type is not exhaustive, and variations will likely crop up that don’t always fit into these neat categories, but the key distinguishing features have been listed.