This note explores the circumstances surrounding the manufacture of the Elias Neel Jersey Bank Token of 1812, seemingly known only from a single specimen of which the whereabouts cannot be traced today. It also discusses which of three Elias Neels living on the island of Jersey is most likely to have been the individual for whom the token was struck.
Allocating an issuer for a merchant countermarked dollar, where only the issuer’s initials are present, will always be a complicated task. At the same time questions must be raised for the reasons to use initials, where a full name would assist with the acceptance and distribution of the countermarked coin. The example of the countermark J D over 5•6 is discussed at length in this article.
It is easy to use information that has already been published, but wherever possible recourse to primary source documents is preferable. In the case of the Adelphi Cotton Works this has been proven with three business concerns being discovered with the same name. This in turn has led to confusion regarding ownership. Hopefully this article will clarify the position of the Twigg brothers regarding their involvement in the cotton trade during the period of the Industrial Revolution in Glasgow.
Two previous articles have described a group of dies that have been used to create modern copies of various tokens. These included transport tokens from England and a plantation token from the Dutch East Indies. Two further dies from this group have recently been located and are described here.
Further to my article for the BNS research blog filed under Tokens, dated 12 July 2018, and headed Ballindalloch Works Checks, more documentation has been discovered that casts new light on these issues of Works Checks by the Ballindalloch Cotton Works.
During the later 15th and early 16th century, large numbers of leaden tokens were produced across Suffolk as a component of the ‘Boy Bishop’ festivities that accompanied the liturgical celebration of St Nicholas. Despite the large quantities of these tokens that exist and the proliferation of new variants, little work has been undertaken on them since Stuart Rigold’s typology was developed in the late 1970s. This note brings to attention and translates a new reverse legend for his series I/C, encountered on two new pieces recently recorded by the Suffolk Portable Antiquities Scheme.
The die used to strike the Goerach Batoe 1 Dollar Reis 1890 “Proof” plantation token has recently been discussed in a blog article by Gary Oddie. That the die was found along with other dies known to have produced modern fantasy transport tokens casts serious doubt on the authenticity of specimens of this particular plantation token. This note adds further detail to the history of this issue.
Initial examination of a cut and countermarked segment from an 8 Reale raises a number of questions as to the nature of this coin. The piece appears to be on the fringe of a recognised series within the broader series of British Tradesman Countermarked Dollars. A number of possibilities exist and each of these need to be reviewed so as to test the probabilities with the aim of leading to a conclusion that answers the questions raised with a reasonable degree of certainty.Reviewing the physical aspects of the coin and considering past as well as more recent circumstances a process of elimination was used that leads to a logical resolution that potentially identifies the nature of the coin and the reason for its existence.
Recently a group of seven dies appeared on the market. Four of the dies form a group that produced fantasy transport tokens sometime between 1967 and 1990. Two dies produced a fantasy transport token sometime between 1990 and 2016. The final die was used to produce a previously unrecognised fantasy tobacco plantation token from the Dutch East Indies. Each die is illustrated (50%) and a separate image of the die face is shown along with a mirrored image and a specimen of the token (100%).
Countermarks are intriguing but when they are on cut portions of the original host coin then many additional questions arise. This note is to explore more about the cutting and countermarking of the 8 reales and what quantity of silver loss was experienced during the cutting process. Click here to read the article.