Counterfeit Round Pound Coins (i) Lead Alloy Issues – G. Oddie

Until the introduction of the dodecagonal bimetallic pound coin in March 2017, the round pounds had suffered extensively at the hands of counterfeiters. The problem began almost immediately after their introduction in 1983. Of the 1.5 billion or so round pounds in circulation in 2016 it was estimated that 3% were counterfeit. Now that the coins are no longer circulating, and ceased to be legal tender in October 2017, this might be a useful time to make some observations about these counterfeits before they are forgotten and lost. The counterfeits fall into several groups and in this first article I will make some brief observations about the lead alloy issues which were typically produced between 1983 and 2006.

Jamaica ‘Type X’ Countermark – A Modern Fake – K. V. Eckardt

Again, along the recent series of Blog Posts regarding modern fakes readers should be made aware of a potentially convincing fake countermark on 8 Reale coins from Jamaica (c.1758-9). While the fabricators of these fake coins or countermarks may have some familiarity with the issues they are copying generally their knowledge is not as developed as an advanced collector/student and inevitably they get one or more aspects wrong which then is a marker for their handiwork. Numismatists must be vigilant and conduct a through investigation when a new variety makes it’s appearance in the marketplace. While legitimate contemporary material continues to be discovered, from time to time, the modern fabricator will use this route to their advantage in placing their modern material into the marketplace. The quality of modern fakes will undoubtedly improve, but I trust that ‘we’ shall be able to find that one little thing that they get wrong.

The ‘Crown’ Quartered Series B Groat – A False Start to Edward III’s Fourth Coinage? – Duncan Russell

This article describes the unique Hunter Collection ‘Crown in Quarters’ Series B Groat of Edward III’s Fourth Coinage and places it into context with the ‘Trefoil of Pellets’ overcutting Crowns dies used in the early issues of the Fourth Coinage – in doing so it looks at Continental Prototypes with particular reference to the Anglo-Gallic Sterlings of ‘Aquitaine’ minted for Edward III. It also suggests that the failure of the earlier introduction of the Groat during Edward I’s Coinage reform of AD 1279 should not be repeated and so the innovative ‘Crown in Quarters’ design was suppressed in favour of the Trefoil of Pellets for the sake of continuity with existing and accepted reverse design prevalent since its introduction in the coinage reform of  AD 1247. The silent witnesses to this turn of events are the few surviving trefoil  of pellets overcutting Crowns’ Series B Groats.